Project Description

Thousands of butterflies

Transylvanian Highlands are home to various species of butterflies and most importantly, here are all 5 protected species.

The large copper (c) ADEPT Transilvania Foundation 

The marsh fritillary (Euphydryas aurinia)
It lives more on the wetlands, rich in the widow’s flower. For nectar, butterflies visit mainly yellow flowers. The eggs are also deposited on the widow’s flower, in piles with overlapping layers, on the lower face of the leaf. The larvae live in nests formed on the plant, where they also winter.

Best place to observe this species: in the vicinity of Viscri, Roadeş, Daia, Buneşti and Meşendorf.

Fenton’s wood white (Leptidea major morsei)
It lives in glades and rare woods of deciduous forests, preferably in the hilly-sub-mountainous area. Lathyrus-rich plant species are the main habitat. Lathyrus flowers are the main source of nectar. The eggs are laid in isolation on the leaves or stems of these plants, which then develop larvae.
Best place to observe this species: in the vicinity of Viscri, Roadeş, Daia, Buneşti and Meşendorf.

The scarce large blue (Maculinea teleius)
The typical habitats in Transylvania are the grasslands and wet meadows, manually mowed, with blue grass and jelly. The eggs are laid on the still unopened flowers of these plants. Larvae descend to the ground where they attract the ants of the genus Myrmica. After the ritual of adoption, the larva is transported to the swarm, where it feeds on eggs or larvae of ants. The populations of silver blue are extremely faithful to the place, the maximum flight distance being only 300m.
Best place to observe this species: an extremely strong population was identified near Jibert; also, the species has been identified around the towns of Cloașterf, Criș, Roadeș and Angofa.

The large copper  (Lycaena disappear rutila)
Species characteristic to the banks of running or standing water, to the marshy areas, present in other wetlands in which plant species of the genus Rumex (mackerel) vegetate. It flies from May to September. The eggs are stacked on various species of mackerel. A female can lay up to 500 eggs.
Best place to observe this species: along the streams and in most wet meadows near Viscri, Roadeș, Meşendorf, Saschiz, Angofa, Cloasterf, Criț, Brădeni, Daia Valley, Șapartocului Valley, Aurel Vlaicu.

The Jersey tiger (Callimorpha quadripunctaria)
It lives along flowing waters, meadow forests, meadows, forest edges or lights, rocks and canyons, along forest roads, unpaved roads, in warm, sunny, slightly humid places, with flowering plants all summer, at altitudes of 700 to 1000 m. It prefers the high vegetation rich in hemp, bush-forest, log, mackerel, with nectar to which it feeds. It flies from July to August.
Best place to observe this species: in most of the localities inside the site, along the streams and at the edges of semi-brush forests of Sapartoc Valley, Angofa, Stejărenii, Mihai Viteazu, Roadeş, Criș, Apold, Bunești, Viscri.

More playful or timid, thousands of butterflies will accompany you on your walks through the Transylvanian Highlands. Give them a little of your attention and they will fill your soul with joy.

For more information about butterflies in the area download a Short Guide to Butterflies

View over the village of Şoarş, near Făgăraş, from a beautiful meadow full of flowers and butterflies in June. 

How to visit: In search of butterflies it is best to walk or cycle, on the marked routes that leave each village.

No visit fee – for guided tours, use Local Guides or agencies.